many english speakers mix up ‘who’ and ‘whom’. do you know which of these sentences is incorrect? This is a topic that many people are looking for. savegooglewave.com is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, savegooglewave.com would like to introduce to you Improve your English: WHO or WHOM?. Following along are instructions in the video below:
Everyone im alex thanks for clicking and welcome to this lesson on who vs vs whom. thats right today. We are going to look at one of most commonly confused and asked about subjects in the english language.
Not just by new english learners. But native speakers as well so were going to use some grammar terminology. But im also going to give you some examples that will make it very clear.
What the difference between these two words is so first. Im going to talk about how to use them in statements and after im going to show you how to use them with quantifiers and at the end. Ill look at some question examples.
With these two so lets start first who and whom these are relative pronouns. Now. What this means is who is a subject relative pronoun whom is an object relative pronoun.
What does this mean well this means that when you use who in a sentence to give more information about something you are using it to give more information about a subject when you use whom youre using it to give more information about the object of a sentence so. Lets look at some examples first with who number one i have an uncle who works for apple number two theres someone who is waiting for you number three tom whos been working here forever recently found a new job. What do they all have in common well.
They all have a subject a person who youre giving more information about so im going to mark things up a little bit. So you can see how this works. I have an uncle who works for apple.
Who are you giving more information about in this sentence you. Are giving more information about your uncle so. You have who and who relates to an uncle.
Now this uncle is doing an action. The uncle works for apple. So if you have a subject youre giving more information about the subject and the subject is doing an action after who then you use who all right i.
Have an uncle who works he works for apple next. There. Is someone who is waiting for you so we have who who does who relate to who relates to someone a mystery person.
So theres someone who is waiting for you yes. We are giving more information about someone and the someone is doing an action. So here they are waiting so i have someone there is someone who is waiting they are the ones who are doing the action next tom whos been working here forever recently found a new job so we.
Have who im just going to mark who.s who has been working and yes. We are talking about tom and we are saying that tom has been working here so if the subject of the sentence is doing.
The action here then. You. Need to use who next whom three sentences.
One ghandi is someone whom. Most people admire two thats the guy whom she married three my best friend whom. Ive known for 10 years is getting married so.
Whats the difference between these sentences and. The sentences with who hmm ghandi is someone whom most people admire yes. The sentence is about ghandi.
We are talking about ghandi in this sentence. But also important is ghandi doing an action in this sentence or is he receiving an action in this sentence. Here.
We have ghandi is someone whom most people admire the sentence is actually talking about the people who admire ghandi the people are doing an action to ghandi and ghandi is receiving the action in this sentence. So here and this is true in most cases. After whom you usually have someone who does the action to someone else.
So ghandi is someone whom most people admire next thats the guy whom she married we see whom who does whom relate to yes. We are talking about the guy. But the guy is receiving the action.
Hes actually an object here because she married him now. I dont mean that the man is an object and the woman is the an object in many cases. So i dont mean any of that but grammatically thats the guy whom she married the guy is receiving the action of marriage from her and finally my best friend whom i.
Have known for 10 years is getting married here we. Have whom who are we talking about okay my best friend yeah. But my best friend is receiving an action here.
I have known my best friend okay so here. Im saying i have known my best friend. I have known him or her okay so if this person that you want to talk about is receiving some kind of action like ghandi is someone whom most people.
Admire thats the guy whom she. Married my best friend whom. Ive known for 10 years is getting married if.
You have these cases you. Must use whom a very easy trick. Quick and easy to remember in most cases.
When you use who youre going to use a verb after it okay so. Hes someone who works all the time they are a couple who is very happy and whom most of the time. You are going to have a pronoun a person someones name after it so he is someone whom many people respect or shes someone whom i love now i say most cases because in the passive voice.
You could also say ghandi is someone whom is admired and obviously were saying by many people in this situation. Okay. Im going to go to the next room and.
Were going to look at quantifiers with who or whom and. Were going to look at questions with who or whom come with me. Oh you guys are already here perfect all right so next.
Were going to talk about who and whom with quantifiers now dont let the word quantifiers scare. You quantifiers just. Mean.
Words that talk about quantity. Like many or numbers. Like one .
Two . Three . Four five or some or most or 20 .
It can be anything that involves numbers and quantity and size okay so here i have two sentences first my students. Most of whom are from brazil have a test today next there are 20 people at the party 16 of whom i. Know now here most of whom are from brazil 16.
Of whom i. Know these are actually adjective clauses that include quantifiers in them an expression of quantity and first thing. I want to do is explain the formula to you so.
When you use this construction. You need your subject you. Need a subject like my students or 20 people at the party .
So after that you need quantifier for quantifier. Im just going to put q. Plus of plus whom plus other info i.
m just going to put other info so its. Always most of whom some of whom . Three of whom.
two of. Whom 30 of. Whom.
and. Youll also. Notice im.
Always saying. Whom . Whom .
Whom . Whom. .
This. Is one. Case where.
You. Always. Have to say whom .
Okay. You cannot. Say most of who.
its always most of. Whom three of whom . Etc.
So lets look at these one more time my students. Most of whom are from brazil have a test today they have a test today and next. There are 20 people at the party 16 of whom.
I know so i know 16 people at the party and the party has 20 people so just remember when. You have this construction you need to use whom . And there is actually a lesson on this on my engvid channel.
So you can check that out too. If you want more detailed explanation and finally questions. Now questions are tricky and all of this is tricky.
Actually. But questions in particular because very few people especially native speakers use whom in a question form. Most of the time because they dont know the rule and the rule is followed in the same way like i explained at the beginning.
Where who is subject relative whom is object relative so i have four questions. Lets look at the first one who saw the accident. These are all correct by the way.
There are no mistakes in these questions who saw the accident youre asking a question about who saw who did the action of seeing so here. Its obvious you must use who because the who lets say. His name is marcus.
And i say marcus saw. The accident. Marcus is the person who saw the accident.
He did the action. So in the question. Who did the action who saw the accident next whom did she pick for the job.
Now here we have to use whom because she the boss is picking them okay so if i say she picked jack and jack is the person who got the job. Okay jack is the one whom she picked she picked him so here again. We dont know whom she picked.
She did the action to this person. So whom did she pick for the job next. Do you know who won last night.
So im watching a soccer game. Im watching a hockey game. And you know i watched it my friend did not watch.
It. And he says hey you saw the game last night. Do you know who won so here obviously.
The team who won is the team who did the action of scoring and winning so. We have to use who and finally do you know whom she was talking about so she was talking about someone else we dont know who and again the correct way to say it. Is in this situation whom she was talking about because she is giving us more information.
We dont know whom she did the action of talking about to im sorry. Thats very complex so honestly guys in most cases most. Native speakers just say who especially in questions.
So if you say who and youre a new english learner. Do not worry because almost no one will know that you are making a mistake. And even though it is technically a grammar mistake.
Its so commonly used and accepted that its not really a mistake as a grammar teacher. Im telling you that whats more important the fact that you speak correct english or the fact that you speak english that other people are using all around you and you want to interact with those people both are important correct english. But its more important that you are using the english that native speakers are using whew.
So thats a lot of information. Today and i hope that i was able to erase some of your doubts. Some of your confusion about this very complex topic and if you want to test your understanding.
And if you want to know for sure that you know the difference between who and whom as always you can check out the quiz on wwwengvidcom. And if you liked this video. Dont forget to comment on it.
Like it subscribe to the channel and check me out on facebook and twitter. Ive got a lot of stuff on there pictures of me with lightsabers and stuff like that so maybe youll like that and if you want to support engvid. Dont forget to donate to the site til next time thanks for clicking and i will see you later bye.
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