QNAP NAS Guide Part 1 – Setup, RAID, Volumes IP and Shared Folders

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“And welcome back and today. I want to talk about the perfect. Way to set set up your key nap. Now for the first time.

This is part one of large series of videos. I m going to be making about setting up the cue nap. Now s right the first time not just the set up at the device itself. But also the right apps to use for you the user.

Because sometimes. Although qnap have a tendency to give you quite a lot of apps. Not all of those gonna be suitable to what you need to do but all of this is gonna be useless if you don t set up the device the right way the first time so what we re gonna do first is we re gonna set up qts the first time oh we re gonna set up our raid. We re gonna set up our shared folders.

We re gonna set up our ip and we re gonna set up some mat network drive so with that further ado let s make our way to the screen and here we are at the desktop setup on my windows pc for setting up a cue nap now for the first time as mentioned we re all gonna be focusing on the initial setup and raid and ip with a few other things roaming along the way. The first thing. You re gonna need to do if you re a complete noob. Tonight is download the cue find a pro application.

It s available for mac and windows completely for free really easy to get hold of what you ve got it and you ve piled up your mess. And put the drives inside as per. The manufacturer s instructions and have them has already booted up for about 3 to 5 minutes. Then when you ve got this application installed scan your local area network to find an ass as long as the nas and the device you re using to set this up on on the same network.

That is to say using the same internet connection. If you want to be really came an about the terminology. Then the nas will appear like so. And if an ass hasn t been set up before then you will be invited to initialize the device for the first time click yes.

And we ll make our way into the nose. Now we re using the ts 2 v. 1b here. Which is the keynote there s released in the closing stages of 2018.

But what i would say is that these rules. I m going to show you today along with all the other steps in our qnap setup. Guide can be applied to pretty much any qnap. Nest.

Bear. That in mind um. So we ve got the initial splash screen here and of course. We can change the language.

If we want but for now we ll stick with english because unfortunately that s the only language. I can throw you guys next we have to name the mass so in the case of this now. Let s call it t. S2.

V. 1b. Which is enable an ass next to username admin and of course. We can change this password to whatever we so choose and they ll double check that i ve got that case active.

What we re gonna go for a bog standard just a word password and see if there and then we click next from here. We re gonna be asked to set the date and time on the device. But i would recommend just let it synchronize with the local internet connection. Because there s no advantages to having a custom time frame on this device that i m aware of next.

We don t talk about ip addresses. Now for those that watch. My son ology setup videos. You already see a distinct difference between qnap and phonology.

When it comes to their user interface and kind of their main mission statement. Serology hide. A lot of their setup. Information.

And you can set as small as you up in about three clicks. Unfortunately because of that closed setup and hiding all the what they perceived to be difficult. Decisions you can miss out and some really important setup factors to make the most of your device qnap gives you these options. But you can go use all the defaults and only p is the device s address on your network.


All of the devices on your home or office network have an ip that s the address they re all share they re all on with regards that network. So the first three numbers don t really change. But the last number denote the devices position on the network. If you leave this option at dhcp that just means that the device will dynamically change.

If there s more or less devices on the network and if your network has hundreds and hundreds of devices you might see an advantage in there. But me personally i will always use a static ip. It s just so much more useful for locating. The device in the long term they re not dynamic ip if you start setting up the links to the device that are never gonna move and can never you can t afford to them to change you should always set a static ip to ensure that the nurse doesn t move around on your network.

Dynamically and fluidly and potentially break those links. If you go for the dynamic ip. Most of it it ll still work. But i personally would always select a static ip and then always just use the ip you re starting on which is the one ending in 6.

Here. Then click next. It will light. The ip address.

Not change. This may lead to an ip conflict. Now that is worth touching on that if another device is statically set to this ip. It can be problematic.

But once again you d need to have a particularly busy network to bear this in mind. And even if you did you d want to know that the device is still on that static location for all your linked devices moving forward. We can then say what kind of platforms were going to be dealing with and once you use these it will tailor the device to the filesystem in the way files are handled to cater for these operating systems. If you re going to have a mixed operating system environment or the pcs and laptops of stuff in your environment.

Just click a ticks next to wall and there we go there s our summary of our initial setup. So for now we can get things moving and get the operating system installed on this now or fast forward now to when the installation of these settings is complete. And then we can make our way into storage management from here. We just need to enter that log information that we created earlier nice and simple and then we ll log our way in from here we will get to see the user interface of qts the qnap operating system and graphical user interface the first time you boot up the device there will be about 4 different pop ups right there at the start of the screen.

Just telling you a little help guide and let me know things can be done don t worry they won t boot up every time. Just. Say you don t want these things to boot up on the initial setup. You can also ignore this area with regard to the licenses until you utilized more of the device.

Chances are you re not going to use most of these. But it s nice to know that this is an option that s open to you and here. We have the user interface here again if you have any updates they re available here at the bottom and there is a user interface update of ugs itself very regularly now next thing we need to do is start setting up our storage. Because there s not much use to announce within an area of space to play with so we ll go to the storage in a snapshot area and from here.

We can prepare the hard drives. Now this nass has got two hard drives inside and these things right drives. We re going to put in a raid. One that is a mirror.

So that the drive can basically have exactly the same data across both of them there s lots of information here. We re going to skip all that for now. And i ll give you the nice chewable easy friendly version. So the first thing.

We need to create is a storage pool. A storage pool is all of the drives put together in an area of space and within that space. We can put all of our data in different volumes. But before i get ahead of myself let s go into the storage pool.

Option now from here. We ll be invited to create a raid system now raid for those aren t aware it stands for redundant array of independent disks. This is a system whereby you can have multiple drives that serve three purposes. One they combine all of that space together to create one visible drive to your connected systems to act as a safety net system.

We re all too often than not if a drive does fail because of hardware foul on again second most fragile part in any nasa s two hard drives. Then your data will not be lost. Thanks to the right system. And other raid.

Backups and systems like parity and more the third benefits of radar to do with read and write whereby. If you have data spread across multiple disks. It can greatly increase. The read and write speed of that data because multiple drives are being read to or written to at a given point now from this point.


Forward. If you were gonna utilize ssds. You can create a tiered storage option so now we re gonna skip that that s not too important and just click next. It is notice that it s found two hard drives in this device today we re using ckd iron wolf pro series drives of 14 tbh so this 2 tb drive this 2 tb nas driver.

I should say has the potential for 28 terabytes of storage with 14 tb drives. So we re going to select both of those drives and we re going to select a raid. 1. Now.

If we had a larger qnap net one with 4 6. 8. Or 12. Hard drive bays and above these.

Other raid options will become available. A single means. It s a disk on its own j. Bot.

Means just a bunch of drives and therefore all the drives work independently raid. 0. Combines all the drives together but in the event that one drive dies you lose the entire storage array and your data. A raid 1.

Has two mirrored copies of the disks that s the one we re going to go for a raid. 5. Is three or more disks where you lose one drive of capacity. But data is spread across all of the drives in wave forms.

We re dry data is written across all the drives and with each wave of data been written to the device one drive instead of having data has a blueprint of the rest of the data. Known as parity and with every wave. The parity is written to a different drive. The result is that if one of your drives dies.

Then as can rebuild your data using the existing data and the parity across all the disks a raid. 6. That s exactly the same thing. But it creates 2 parities and therefore to protect you from two hard drives worth of failure of course in the case of raid.

5. And 6. Because the cpu has to work a little harder to build out a parity reading right speeds can be a little slower and finally write. 10 is like a combination of raid 1 and raid.

0. It splits the storage you ve got into two pools so in at least 4 disks. And then pairs them together. The result is you can technically survive up to two disks of failure.

But with increased read right compared with raid six. However it isn t perfect and if you are looking for two discs of failure. I would always recommend a raid. 6.

So we ll click next and carry on next we can talk about the alert threshold alert threshold is when users will be given a warning when storage is reaching its limit. And you re running out of spice for now we ll leave it to 80 storage capacity and that s it this is the details of the storage pool. We are creating next we click create it will of course warn us that the disks will be white. But we re using brand new disks today.

So that s not a big problem now. It s worth mentioning that different raid groups take more or less time to create a raid 1. On a qnap will take somewhere between 2 to 8 hours to complete a raid. 5.

Can take 12 to 18 hours and a rate 6 a whopping 18 hours or more. This does differ of course on the cpu and then as you re utilizing as well as the number of drives and the in enterprise nature of low stripes. We are using enterprise level hard drives at 72 found a good rpm. So this may take a bit of extra time in the meantime now we ve done the setup.

The raid and the ip. We can move on to the folders and how to create shared folders initializing. I wasn t going to cut it there. But i thought i d keep that notification sign in there just to let you know that if you have a qnap nouns with a speaker.


It will notify you throughout this process. So. Now. The storage pool is being created created we need to create a volume on this device.

When we click new volume this will help us create the area of space that we re going to utilize. Now. A little known fact is that an az can actually have multiple volumes on one storage pool. The storage pool is all of the space.

All of the drives. Volumes. Are like on your computer. In.

Ufc. Dr. D. Dr.

E. Dr. And more. So you can create individual storage.

Areas. For your data. With each one being utilized perhaps for media for surveillance for backups and more and this means that all of these volumes become their own repository of that data we ll click next and we can see that right now this volume is only two point five terabytes out of a potential. Twelve point five three terabytes remember we re in a raid.

One now we can max that out if we wish and it will use up all the space on the available drives. But it is worth mentioning that then you won t have the opportunity to create other volumes so for now. I m just going to create a 10 terabyte value on that disk and leave another 25. Perhaps for surveillance in a later video.

We can also name the volume and we re going to name this volume raid. One vol 1. Again there s lots of other more technical information here with regards to setting up file systems and more. But we re going to leave those as default to keep things nice and easy then we click next with information about the volume we re creating and then we click finish.

It is now creating our volume on that storage pool. The raid as mentioned earlier is going to be nowhere near complete if we go to the day area. While it creates that volume. I can show you how much time has elapsed on our rate.

One creation the synchronization is nowhere near complete if we go to the top. We can see that right now. It s gone to a horrendous 128 hours that will decrease rapidly it s just at the moment. If the system is so busy is having difficulty coming up with a correct form.

But take my word for it it is not going to take this obscene length of time and will or likelihood only take a few hours in the meantime. What you can do is take advantage of the volumes you ve created as you can see it s letting you know that the rate is still being created and that volume will live on that storage pool dona 18 right now. But when it s complete. We can start looking into shared folders and mapped network drives.

So i m just gonna fast forward a little right so our volume is completed it s being optimized there in the background. But don t worry. It is it s already good to go and in the background. We can also see that the raid has dipped to 92 hours again don t worry.

It s gonna be way less than 92 hours to take for that storage form to be created also you might hear some noise. There in the background. That s coming from the naza as it prepares the raid and as of course. I m using enterprise level hard drives they do make a little bit more noise.

So i apologize in advance for that little rumbling noise. You might hear in the background. So next thing. We need to do is start looking at shared folders and this will be the last thing.

We re doing on this video. And we re looking at shared folders and map. Network. Drives and here is the folder structure.


That s been created on our volume. Now the this space here is always very useful indeed. But perhaps you re going to need to create a folder that can be accessed by other users over the network and indeed over the internet with the right settings. So what we need to do is microwave here to this little plus symbol and click shared folder.

Now again a shared folder is a folder of space that can be utilized by things outside of the nas and also it can be used with the alone a space it distributing your media media with other users using the nass. So we re gonna call this one share one and we re not going to give it a comment. But we can say we re on that it s gonna live and we can give it a manual path if you want. But trust.

Me this stuff. The automatic parts are just as good now you can configure the settings. If you ve got multiple users on your nass and we will be talking about how to create users and groups on the next video. But for now.

Let s just create this. Shared folder. Nice and easily. It will then create this shared space.

As you can see it lives on that volume that we ve created there it is and just to show you just a quick test to show that it s the same folder. We re going to call this folder proof now the reason we ve done that is i m going to show. You now how to create a shared mapped drive and a mapped drive is how you using windows or mac systems can utilize. The storage area or in your mass.

But using the operating system. So for example. If we go to my pc settings in these. Pc settings.

Here. We ve got the local drive. The c drive and of course anyone. That s ever used pc.

Before should know that this is where windows and all your programs live. But if you re using utilizing. A program on your pc or mac system. But want all the files and everything to live on the nares.

You need to create a mapped network drive now i ve got three there from a previous video. But what i m gonna do is create a brand new one now for you we head back to that queue finder. Pro software will be used right at the beginning of the video from here we go to network drives we click network drives and it will search the local area network for those drives if you need to have a password such as the one we ve created this is where we add it sure we ve got the right password. There there s password from before and just get it to remember the credentials going forward.

And there is our mapped network drive share one so if we right click. We can have we have the option in windows to map this network drive. If we so choose map network. Drive select.

A letter in the case of this device let s go for q4q map. And we can rename it if we want or the direct folder that we want to use we click finish. And there s our mapped network drive. We go back to the main pc settings.

There s share one. And there s that folder proof. And this means we can run anything from photo video editing software to word documentation and any kind of apps that need to be booted from files and have the files living on the mass in a future video. I m going to show you guys about how to load how to download and utilize and then as for your steam library of games so you don t have to hold onto those enormous file assets on your pc or laptop system.

But i m going to wrap things up here the raid is going to continue to build in our next video. We re going to talk about users groups and how to install apps. And then later videos were of course going to talk about media usb backup surveillance plex photography. Downloading cloud sync and how to set up and have the perfect range of applications for hdmi.

But this has been qnap the first time setup. And i look forward to seeing you on the next video. Don t forget to like and subscribe to get the most out of your nests and i ll ” ..


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